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The Abstract

Fruitcake – Will it Last Forever?

Photo credit: Jonathunder, via Wikimedia Commons

I’ve always thought that, in the event of a nuclear apocalypse, the Earth will be populated solely by cockroaches, those Styrofoam hamburger containers that fast-food joints used in the 1980s, and fruitcakes. Since this is the season for loved ones to inflict fruitcakes on one another, I decided to get to the bottom of this mystery: will fruitcakes really last forever?

As it turns out, the answer depends on how you define “fruitcake.”

Most fruitcake recipes include dried nuts, dried fruit, and “candied” fruit or peel (meaning the fruit has been both dried and preserved in sugar). [Note: not all fruitcakes are made this way, see the safety note below.]

The U.S. Department of Agriculture says that fruitcake will last two to three months in the refrigerator without spoiling, and will maintain its quality if stored up to a year in the freezer. But it’s a federal agency’s job to think of the worst-case scenario. Could fruitcakes really last longer?

“All of these dried and candied ingredients have what we call ‘low water activity,’ meaning they have very little moisture available,” says Ben Chapman, a food safety researcher at NC State. “Low water activity is important because many microorganisms, including foodborne illness-causing bacteria, need moisture in order to reproduce.

“In practical terms, this makes most fruitcakes extremely shelf stable, so they would be safe to eat for a long time – a really long time,” Chapman says. “But it might taste pretty bad.”

That’s because a lot of things can significantly affect the quality of the fruitcake.

For example, mold could grow on the surface of a fruitcake, or yeast could cause some of the sugars in the fruitcake to ferment.

“But some people wrap their fruitcakes in linen that’s been soaked in rum or other spirits to reduce the chance of mold or yeast problems,” Chapman says.

“However, rancidity may still be an issue. Fruitcakes contain a variety of proteins, from eggs to butter to nuts – even the fruit items. And when proteins are exposed to air, they can become oxidized, which can create rancid flavors and odors,” Chapman explains.

So, while you may be able to save that fruitcake forever, you should probably eat it now.

Safety Note: If a fruitcake has a significant amount of moisture (e.g., if it was made with fresh fruit) it is more likely to spoil or to give pathogens enough moisture to reproduce. In other words, it could make you sick if not kept refrigerated and eaten relatively quickly.

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  1. I bake several fruitcakes every year. They are wrapped in cheesecloth and brushed with rum twice a year. I still have two left from 2015 and as they age they become increasingly delicious. I do not use citron, I soak dates, figs, dried pineapple, raisins and dried cherries in rum for a minimum of 3 weeks before making the cakes.

  2. Has anyone tried vacuum sealing them? I want to make my cakes now (in July), vacuum seal them & store them in airtight tins, to give to family at Christmas.

    1. I wrap in cheesecloth and brush it with rum then keep in ziploc bags. They stay fresh for months/years
      I have cakes dating back to 2015.

  3. hi. Imhappy you read that fruit cake lasts a super long time. I had no idea. But I bought the fruit cake mix and some candies cherries a few years ago. Never made the cake yet. Will they last a long time also? I have them stored in my pantry. Thank you

  4. I have some original Hostess Holiday Fruitcakes that I purchased when Hostess wen out of business in 2010. I vacuum sealed them and put them in the deep freeze and we have been taking one out each year at Christmastime and throughly enjoying this no longer made Treat. I am selling them on a local FB Marketplace site and you wouldn’t believe the ignorant comments I keep getting from people who I now assume are either Millenials or from the new throw away generation. Most of them can’t even spell or read a whole article that I posted on Deep Freezing. Fruitcakes like many other confections last decades when packaged and deep Frozen properly. We are still here all these years after eating our Original Hostess Holiday Fruitcakes!
    If anyone is interested in purchasing one or the 2 I have left, I am taking bids that start at $350.00 each! They are still in the deep freeze and will remain there and when purchased will be shipped frozen only within the U.S. mainland.
    Such a Novelty to have the product made by the great Original Hostess Bakery. Anything you now see made by Hostess is the name that was sold to a new company along with some of the recipes like Twinkies, but no Hostess Holiday Fruitcake!

  5. I hope someone can answer this question.Everyone speaks of keeping the fruitcake in a fridge or freezer until time for consumption. If I wanted to send my brother some fruitcake to a country that it would take about 1 month to ship to (cheapest shipping price). Needless to say it will go through all sorts of temperature changes as it’s passed on from one shipper to another to a boat to customs, etc. Is fruit bread safe without refrigeration for a month? The one I’m sending is bought, so it’s wrapped in a crinkly cellophane. Any one experience sending fruit cake far away?

  6. I brought a small fruitcake from Dollar General some years back to share with my brother’s Christmas visit. We both liked fruitcake, I was late in shopping and Dollar General was close. My brother had to cancel his visit so I put the fruitcake in the refrigerator. I kept it there for 3 years years, in the manufacturer’s original package. Surprisingly, 3 years later when we got to open it there was no mold or bad smell-It smelled delicious. The taste and texture was as it should be (for a fruitcake sold through Dollar General). It was amazing to me it would last that long with no problems. I just received a fruitcake as a gift for Christmas 2017. It is a old fashioned Claxton Fruitcake, Claxton Bakery, in Claxton, Georgia. I know I won’t be opening this cake for a year or so when I meet with my brother. However, I expect it will keep very well in the freezer.

  7. Will the mold that is growing on the top of my fruitcake starter be dangerous to eat? I started it 14 days ago and have done exactly as the recipe says. This morning as I started to stir it I saw the white mold. Should I continue with the cake?

  8. Just these few hints l would like to know: At what temperature can one make a fruit cake? How many hours in the oven, l had made one at 1hour 30 minutes and it got rotten on the 4 th day and is there anything like roasting sugar and adding water to it so as to make a rich colour to the fruit cake?

    1. A good fruitcake gets its rich dark colour from cooking on a very low heat for around 4 to 5 hours. Im not sure what you put in your fruit cake, but, also if you also add black treacle and dark mollasis soft brown sugar.

  9. I v learnt a lot about friut cakes on this page. Now, how long does a fruit take to be baked in an oven. I made a cake at 1 hour snd 30 minutes and it got ritten on the 4 th day. What spices should we add to the fruit cake?

  10. Wow. Great thread. I am learning to make the traditional European version of these cakes for commercial consumption on a boutique scale (farmers markets and specialty emporiums). I intend to number them and like fine wine, keep them in reserve for decades, with prices going significantly higher with each passing year, as I know from experience that, when preserved correctly, the flavor and texture goes off the charts with every passing season. And the secret is indeed very little flour, eggs or butter compared to the amount of filling. At here are other secrets, as well, such as the sort of box, how much ingredients are soaked, methods of wrapping and remoisturization with spirits on a regular basis. I can’t wait to attempt to replicate that divine fruit cake I discovered one day by chance in the cupboard that changed my life. I figure that one was about eight years old.

  11. I’m making a round 4 tier rich fruit cake for my son’s wedding, 30cm, 25cm, 20cm and 15cm. I can’t find airtight storage cake tins for the 30cm and 25cm cakes. Is it safe to store these in a plastic lidded container for 8 weeks whilst I feed them with brandy? Also I intend to cover the cakes with marzipan and homemade fondant two weeks before the wedding. I am going to brush the cakeboards with vodka to sterile them and then place each cake on a cakeboard. I intend to place each cake into a lidded cardboard cake box, two weeks before the wedding, so that the fondant can harden. Is this okay to do? I then need to transport them to the wedding venue which is an 8/9 hour drive away. Any tips on how to transport would be most welcome. Thanks in advance.

  12. I will like to have a good fruit cake recipe that will last for a year or more I’m want to use mazipan and plastic icing for the decor of the cake please

  13. Hi, I’ve been making and decorating Christmas cakes now for almost 15 years, I decided , back in the day, it was easier to give a Christmas cake as a present to friends and family. I always make the cakes in January, once cooked and left to get cold (bearing in mind I soak the fruit in cognac for two days) I then put more cognac over each cake the double wrap in grease proof paper, then cling film and finally silver foil. Every month I turn the cakes over, and store them in a large plastic air tight container. When November comes I unwrap them (the aroma is wonderful) and then proceed to marzipan them, leaving the marzipan 3/4 days to dry then I ice and decorate them. I have never has any complaints and my cakes are lovely and moist.

  14. This is also the wedding cake for Candian weddings. My wife made our fruit cake for our wedding. She brought it with her when I was posted to Germany. We had it for our 1st wedding anniversary, and then for the birth of our first child. When I was finished with my tour and sent back to the world the cake didn’t make the trip to well it had a good 1/2 inch of mold on it. We scrapped it off but were not brave enough to try it so it took the trip. This was in 1968.

  15. I fought forest fires for the forest service in the mid seventy’s. What we got to eat was WW 2 K rations, dated 1945 to 1947. Mostly for a desert we got either canned pound cake or fruit cake. The pound cake was sought after. If you got hated Fruit Cake, you would most likely throw it away.
    forests were littered with uneaten fruit cake. I am sure they got K Rations for many years after I left


    1. Wow! Me, Too! In New Mexico and central CA. I usually got all the fruitcake tins from my co-workers and would take them home, soak them in sherry and eat them later. Some of the tins dated WAAAAY back.

  16. Dumb question. Would it be safe to even try a tin foil wrapped fruit cake in the freezer that my deceased husband made over 21 years ago?

  17. A fruit cake was found in England ( I’m not sure where)
    that was over 750 years old. Aand yes, the people who tried it were fruicake afficiandos. They stated that , indeed, the flavour was “nasty”, but still somewhat sterile.
    Happy + Safe New Years to all!!!!!!!

  18. Am I the only person in the world who likes fruitcake? I live near the second largest city in Michigan and a few days before Christmas I went out to buy a fruitcake and came home empty handed!

    1. Oh no… son and I LOVE them. Me being brought up on them mom from England and me being born there. I do like my English fruit cakes the best. When my son was in the Marines and they all got fruit cake….my son ended up with a pile because no one like them.

  19. A traditional wedding cake in Englkand is a spirit soaked fruitcake covered first with marzipan and then Royal icing which seals the cake to the baseboard it is sitting on. The top small tier of the cake is not cut at the wedding but saved for the christening of the first child… 9 months to a year later. These cakes are just fine without refrigeration kept in an tin with a tight fitting lid.

    1. We kept the top tier of our wedding cake in my mother’s freezer. She is coming to visit next week and she is bringing it with her. PS We got married in June 2000 (YEP ! 17 years old). My mother-in-law made the fruitcake with LOADS of rum – hopefully it still tastes good. I do not usually eat a lot of fruitcake – but these cakes are AWESOME.

  20. My mother followed her English grandmothers fruitcake recipe. The ingredients were always liberally soaked in a liquor for what usually ended up being two weeks or more. We looked forward to it every holiday season, sliced and covered with a warm ‘hard sauce’. She made several sizes, decorated them nuts and candied fruit and gave them as X-mas. She stored a few in the pantry for our consumption, wrapped in plastic wrap and foil. Once, one was discovered behind the freezer and determined to be at least 2 or 3 years old. We found it unspoiled and absolutely delicious. So, long live true fruit cakes.

  21. I lived in New Jersey in the early 70’s. A 90 year old widow offered my wife and me a taste of her wedding cake. This was a fruitcake that was about 65 years old.
    With some hesitation, we sampled the small piece that remained. As expected, it was quite dry, BUT we did not suffer any ill effects. I can attest fruitcakes last a long time.

  22. Nobody seems to like fruitcakes so I get to enjoy all the unwanted gifts of Christmas. I have notice the ones in metal cans are the best. So if there is a nuclear apocalypse I would have something to eat.

  23. Every year I make a fruitcake even though only my husband, daughter and I like it. Last week he and I ate the last piece of last years cake!
    Why mine lasts so long is because I soak it in
    brandy! I wrap it up in a white cotton cloth and
    then in Saran wrap and put it in a large Ziploc bag.
    I check on it through the year and pour more brandy over it to keep it moist.
    Unfortunately not a lot of people like fruitcake.

    1. True, but I grew up eating homemade fruit cake and blackberry jam cake at Christmas. And drinking homemade boiled custard, not eggnog, but boiled custard. I don’t like the taste of eggnog. I been wanting a fruit cake for a few years. Since I wasn’t sure how a homemade one would turn out, I ordered one from Swiss Colony. I have about half or less left. I want to keep it for next Christmas.

  24. My wife has been making and selling fruitcakes per her father’s recipe for nearly 50 years. I have no idea how long they will last, but I have eaten some well over 20 years old.

    Her recipe includes brandy and mostly fruit – only 1 cup of batter in a 3-quart jar of fruit/nuts.

    They are so rich we serve VERY THIN slices – about 1/2 inch at most.

    They are then wrapped in waxed paper, then aluminum foil, then stored in tin boxes in a cool room. Every year we open and serve some, then moisten with sherry or brandy and rewrap.

    This year’s servings (today, in fact) came from one made in 1992. It was not moldy or rancid and it was delicious. It will last a couple more seasons before we start on the one made in 1993.

    Merry Fruitcake To All.

    1. How does your wife store her fruit cakes? I ordered a 2 or 3 pound one from Swiss Colony this year. I’d wanted one for years. I have about half or less left. I want to keep it good for next Christmas. I grew up eating homemade bake goods. My late mother spent 42 years working in German, Polish and Jewish bakeries. Also my grandmothers and great aunt made homemade bake goods at Christmas and Fruit Salad.

      1. Barbra, When I make the cake, I always line the cake tin I am cooking in with a heavy Brown Paper (make it much higher than the tin) then if you want to put cooking paper on top of it.
        When I bring the cake out of the oven I pour more Brandy over the top, fold all the paper over the cake and wrap in a big towel and leave it in there until it cools down.
        When cold unwrap it and store it, still in the brown paper,, then put a wrap of aluminimu foil over the brown paper and store it in a very cool dark place. Mine goes in the linen press. NEVER STORE IN PLASTIC because if you live where it’s hot, plastic sweats the cake and it goes mouldy. When you are ready, take out unwrap and decorate.

    1. My late wife and I were both born in 1953. We married in 1974 and I plan on breaking through the almond paste and trying our wedding cake on her birthday in April – she asked me once if I would still love her when she was 64 (ala the Beatles). My family will find out about the fruitcake then, but I am encouraged by what I read on this site.
      After she passed away I was still eating her fruitcake years after she had made them – it took me awhile because we fruitcake lovers are a minority group.

  25. I have a “fruit cake confection” from Harry & David in a tin, as well as a traditional fruitcake in a tin from the same supplier. Due to illness of long duration, my husband and I probably will not eat these fruit/confections for a long time. What is the best way to freeze them? Many thanks!

    1. Best way to freeze something like a fruitcake is by using moisture-vapor resistant packaging. Oxygen can impact color, flavor and texture. Best practice for thawing is to do so in the wrapping at room temperature, 1-2 hours, or in the refrigerator.

  26. Our family had a fruitcake that was passed around among 6 uncles & 1 aunt for about 5 years. Finally Uncle Les decided to eat the dadburn thing–and pronounced it delicious! To everyone’s surprise, it had apparently fermented and the alcohol content gave it a slightly different flavor.

  27. It was always a running joke when I was young that my aunt would give fruitcakes out at Christmas. She would date the tags, (though not sure why). Upon my mothers death, we found a couple fruitcakes that were 10-12 yrs. old!!!